Zhao Bingnan (1899 -1984), formerly known as Zhao Deming, Hui nationality, Islamic name "Idris", originally from Dezhou, Shandong Province, was born to a poor family in Wanping (now belongs to Beijing), Hebei Province. Zhao Bingnan was thin and weak since childhood, and had smallpox, dysentery, measles and malaria in just three years from the age of 5 to 7. The special life experiences made him deeply understand how precious one's life is, sowing the seeds of the aspiration to become a doctor to relieve pain for others in his childish mind. At the age of 6, Zhao Bingnan entered a private school and began his 6-year study, which came to a sudden end due to poverty, throwing him to the society too early. Zhao Bingnan was greatly shocked in his teenage years to see the struggling masses fighting cold and hunger, which reinforced his aspiration to be a doctor to rescue them.
In 1912, at the age of 13, Zhao Bingnan began to study traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) dermatophytosis and ulcer surgery from Ding De'en, a well-known doctor in Beijing Deshan Medical Center. In a short span of three years, he read up on dozens of medical works, including Surgical Standards, Yangyi Daquan (Complete Methods to treat Ulcer), Surgery Enlightenment, Yizong Jinjian (Golden Mirror of Medicine), and Compendium of Materia Medica. His hard and sedulous work deeply moved Mr. Ding, who later imparted his lifelong knowledge to him. In 1920, Zhao Bingnan set up his own clinic and began to practice medicine in Xijiaomin Lane in Beijing. He was a member of the Surgical Department of Beijing Association of TCM and a professor of surgery at Huabei Medical College.
Zhao Bingnan had successively held the post of Director, Vice President and Honorary President of the Department of Skin Surgery of Beijing Hospital of TCM, concurrently Director of the Beijing Institute of TCM and professor of the Department of TCM of Beijing Second Medical College (now Capital Medical University), and was elected member of the Chinese Medical Association, its Surgical Society and the Society of Skin Sciences, Vice Chairman of the National Association of TCM, and chairman of Beijing Association of TCM. He used to serve as a member of the Beijing Municipal People's Government, and was elected to the deputy of the Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Seventh Beijing People's Congress, to the Standing Committee of the Seventh Beijing People's Congress, and to the deputy the Fourth and Fifth National People's Congress. He also served as the Deputy Director of Beijing Islamic Association, and was greeted by Chairman Mao, Premier Zhou and Vice President Zhu De on several occasions.
Zhao Bingnan mainly engaged in TCM surgery in the first 30 years of his career, and in TCM dermatology later, so he often said, "I am a TCM dermasurgery surgeon ." Mr. Zhao is the founder and pioneer of the dermasurgery subject of modern Chinese medicine. On the basis of extensive experiences of predecessors and years of clinical practice, he put forward the theories of "dampness stagnation", "stubborn dampness" and "blood dryness", developed Unguent, Fumigant, Heibu Plaster, Blood-sledding and other unique treatments; and established the syndrome differentiation and treatment system of dermatological diseases in TCM and many effective empirical formulas. Not only being an expert in the treatment of intractable tinea and sores and other diseases, but he also delved into skin surgery theory and oral and topical medicine research. His improved Heibu Plaster, Purple Anthracnose Plaster, Rubbing Medicine, Pasting Medicine, Fumigating Medicine and self-made "All-worm Formula" and "Mahuang Formula", which have been used up to now. He is also the author of the book Zhao Bingnan's Collection of Clinical Experience, and won an award in the National Science Conference in 1978. He also involved in editing and reviewing the books of Manual of Clinical Surgery of Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine, Practical Dermatology, The Concise TCM Dermatology, Surgery of TCM and so on. In his later years, he devoted himself to the treatment and research of dermatoses and made gratifying achievements, contributing to the development of dermatology of TCM in China. Therefore, he became widely known, enjoying high prestige and commanding universal respect.